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直升机制造史

人类文明存在以来,翱翔天空的梦想一直伴随着人们。这个梦想产生了许多传说故事。难怪,早在几个世纪以前就出现了创造飞行器的尝试。

早在公元前400年,中国就有了关于直升机器的记载。又比如,1475年,莱昂纳多·达·芬奇也致力于设计这种飞行器。而1920年,谢巴推出自转旋翼机设计方案。

在俄语里,вертолет(直升机)一词最初由尼·伊·卡莫夫使用,这个词汇的创作就归功于他。记有这个词汇的第一份文件是1929年由鲍·尼·尤里耶夫主持的国防、航空与化学建设促进会中央理事会技术委员会的会议记要。

直升机行业的迅速发展反映了人类对直升机所给予能力的广泛需求。

From blueprints to tests

1889

Igor Sikorsky, Russian-American inventor and aircraft designer, responsible for creating the single-rotor helicopter, is born.

1902

Nikolai Kamov, Soviet aircraft designer who created the Ka coaxial helicopter series, is born.

1907

First successful vertical take-off. It lasted one minute and took place with the helicopter tethered and without a pilot. The helicopter, weighing 578 kg, rose 50cm above the ground. It was designed by the brothers Louis and Jaques Bregeut.

French engineer Paul Cornu successfully carried out a vertical take-off in a helicopter. The helicopter rose 50 cm into the air for a total duration of 20 seconds.

1909

22 November Mikhail Mil, legendary Soviet aircraft designer and creator of the legendary Mi-helicopters, is born.

1929

Nikolai Kamov, the brilliant designer, builds the first KASKR-1 gyroplane. The A-7 gyroplane was later built at the Central Aero-hydrodynamic Institute’s special construction centre.

The birth of Russian helicopter industry

1940

Nikolai Kamov heads up the first plant building rotary-wing aircraft.

1941

In the fall of 1941, a group of autogyros from 6 A-7 set off for combat tests at the front. Autogyros made 20 sorties for reconnaissance, adjusting artillery fire and delivering cargo to partisans. Losses in personnel and in cars were not.

1945

Nikolai Kamov begins work on the ultra-small one-seat coaxial Irkutyanin, fitted with an M-76 motorcycle engine.

1947

Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute forms a helicopter laboratory led by legendary helicopter designer Mikhail Mil.

Test and construction bureau formed, led by Mikhail Mil.

First super-light Ka-8 built.

 

1948

Light multi-role Mi-1 makes its maiden flight.

Ka-8 demonstrates truck-based take-off and landing at an air show in Tushino.

Nikolai Kamov’s construction bureau OKB-2, later to become the Ukhta Helicopter Plant, is officially founded.

1949

First ultra-small coaxial Ka-10, known as the “flying motorcycle” built.

1951

Mikhail Mil and OKB create the Mi-1, the first Soviet helicopter to go into serial production.

Work starts on the Mi-4 transport helicopter. To this end, OKB-Mil absorbs the only specialised helicopter plant, factory No.3, in Moscow.

1952

Mi-4 multi-role transport helicopter makes its maiden flight, laying the foundations for Russian helicopter aviation.

Faster. Higher. More reliable

1961

Ka-25 ship-based helicopter took off аor the first time, becoming the first Russian combat helicopter.

The first flights of the light multi-purpose helicopter Mi-2, the most produced twin-engine helicopter Mi-8 and the world's largest amphibious helicopter Mi-14.

1962

Mi-6 takes off with a 20.1-ton load. At the time, it was the world’s heaviest-lifting and fastest helicopter. It has a maximum speed of 300 km/hr.

1963

Fibreglass blades first made for the Ka-15.

Mi-6 officially adopted by the Soviet and other Armed Forces for military operations.

1965

The Mi-10K, the “flying crane”, a high-tech transport helicopter, takes off for the first time.

1967

V-12, the largest helicopter ever built, makes its maiden flight.

1969

The Mi-24, the world’s most experienced attack helicopter, in service in more than 50 countries worldwide, makes its maiden flight.

1970

Plant number 329 renamed the Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant.

1971

The V-12 – a four-engine, dual-rotor transport helicopter – is demonstrated to great acclaim at the 29th Le Bourget air show near Paris.

1973

Test prototype of the naval Ka-27 helicopter takes off for the first time.

1974

Ukhta Helicopter Plant given the name of its chief designer, Nikolai Kamov.

1976

Prototype of Ka-29 military transport helicopter based on the Ka-27 anti-submarine helicopter makes its maiden flight

1977

Heavy transport helicopter Mi-26 was launched into serial production.at the Rostov Helicopter Production Association (now PJSC Rostvertol)

1980

The Ka-32 civilian multi-role helicopter makes its maiden flight.

To new horizons

1996

Mi-28N Night Hunter attack helicopter makes its maiden flight.

1997

Light multi-role Ka-226, a modernised version of the renowned Ka-26, makes maiden flight

1998

Multi-role Ka-60 produced for the Russian Air Force makes its maiden flight.

2003

New ultra-heavy multi-role Mi-38 makes its maiden flight. The multirole Mi-38 helicopter can be used for passenger and cargo transportation, as a VIP transport vehicle, on search-and-rescue missions, as an airborne hospital, and in offshore missions.

2007

Russian Helicopters holding company is formed. The company comprises design bureaux, helicopter plants, entities working to build, service and repair components, and service companies that provide post-sale services within Russia and internationally.

2008

The military Ka-52 Alligator goes into serial production.

2009

Medium multi-role Ka-32A11BC certified for commercial use by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA)

2010

Consolidation of Russian helicopter-building assets into Russian Helicopters group completed. 214 helicopters supplied, order portfolio stands at 430.

2011

262 helicopters supplied, order portfolio doubled – rising to 859 helicopters, with a profit margin of 17%

2012

Russian Helicopters companies produce 290 helicopters.

2013

December 17, 2013 the first flight of the new Mi-38 helicopter with Russian TV7-117V engines took place

2016

April 28 - the first flight of the Ka-62 civil multi-purpose helicopter

On July 29, the first flight was made by the upgraded "Night Hunter" Mi-28NM

2018

The maiden flight of Mi-38T military-transport helicopter.

2019

The multi-purpose civil Mi-38 was first introduced overseas at Dubai Airshow.